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Tutankhamun

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Tutankhamun
Human Mummy
Tutankhamun
Biographical Information
Name(s) Tutankhamun
Age aged ca. 18
Sex Male
Status Egyptian pharaoh
Height 180 cm
Source
Culture ancient Egypt
Date(s) approximately 1341 BC – 1323 BC
Site Luxor
Current Location
Location Valley of the Kings
Catalog #


Biography Edit

800px-Tuthankhamun Egyptian Museum

Mask of Tutankhamun's mummy, the popular icon for ancient Egypt at The Egyptian Museum.

Tutankhamun was the son of Akhenaten (formerly Amenhotep IV) and one of Akhenaten's sisters, or perhaps one of his cousins. As a prince he was known as Tutankhaten. He ascended to the throne in 1333 BC, at the age of nine or ten, taking the throne name Nebkheperure. His wet-nurse was a woman called Maia, known from her tomb at Saqqara. A teacher was most likely Sennedjem. When he became king he changed his name to Tutankhamun (meaning "Living image of Amun") and married his half-sister, Ankhesenpaaten, who later changed her name to Ankhesenamun. They had two daughters, both stillborn. Computed tomography studies released in 2011 revealed that one daughter died at 5–6 months of pregnancy and the other at 9 months of pregnancy. No evidence was found in either mummy of congenital anomalies or an apparent cause of death.

MummificationEdit

The mummification process in Tutankhamun's time took 70 days, the organs were extracted, the body was cleaned out with wine and water and dried with linens. The body was then immersed in a naturally occurring salt for 40 days and then the body was anointed with oils and wrapped with linen bandages before a priest would recite prayers. The pharaoh was buried in a tomb that was too small considering his status, suggesting that his sudden death happened before his tomb was finished being made; so he was buried in someone else's tomb.

StudiesEdit

Tankhamun was slight of build, and was roughly 180 cm (5 ft 11 in) tall. He had large front incisors and the overbite characteristic of the Thutmosid royal line to which he belonged. Between September 2007 and October 2009, various mummies were subjected to detailed anthropological, radiological, and genetic studies as part of the King Tutankhamun Family Project. It was determined that none of the mummies of the Tutankhamun lineage has a cephalic index of 75 or less (indicating dolichocephaly), that Tutankhamun actually has a cephalic index of 83.9, indicating brachycephaly, and that none of their skull shapes can be considered pathological.

PathologyEdit

Research shows that King Tut had a slight cleft palette and scoliosis of the spine. The research also showed that Tutankhamun had possibly a mild case of scoliosis, a medical condition in which the spine is curved from side to side. Examination of King Tut's body shows that he had deformations in his left foot due to necrosis of the tissue.

In DNA tests of King Tut's bones it was found he had a mosquito -borne parasite, malaria-tropics. The malaria would have caused King Tut's immune system to weaken, which would have interfered with the healing of his left foot. All of these health factors which scientists had discovered in 2005, may have ultimately been what killed the young king.

Additional InfoEdit

King Tutankhamun's mummy still rests in his tomb in the Valley of the Kings. On 4 November 2007, 85 years to the day after Howard Carter's discovery, the 19-year-old pharaoh went on display in his underground tomb at Luxor, when the linen-wrapped mummy was removed from its golden sarcophagus to a climate-controlled glass box. The case was designed to prevent the heightened rate of decomposition caused by the humidity and warmth from tourists visiting the tomb.

340px-The Moment Carter Opens the Tomb

Howard Carter and associates opening the shrine doors in the burial chamber (1924 reconstruction of the 1923 event)

External LinksEdit

ReferencesEdit

"Classroom TUTorials: The Many Names of King Tutankhamun" (pdf). Michael C. Carlos Museum. Retrieved October 5, 2015.

Handwerk, Brian (8 March 2005). "King Tut Not Murdered Violently, CT Scans Show". National Geographic News. p. 2. Retrieved October 5, 2015.

Hankey, Julie (2007). A Passion for Egypt: Arthur Weigall, Tutankhamun and the 'Curse of the Pharaohs'. Tauris Parke Paperbacks. pp. 3–5. ISBN 978-1-84511-435-0. Retrieved October 5, 2015.

Wkipedia Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tutankhamun

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