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Thutmose II
Human Mummy
Thutmose II
Biographical Information
Name(s) Thutmose II, Thutmosis, Tuthmosis II
Age Unknown
Sex Male
Status Unknown
Height Unknown
Source
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) 1493 to 1479 BC
Site Deir el-Bahri Cache
Current Location
Location Egypt
Catalog #

BiographyEdit

Thutmose II was the fourth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt. He built some minor monuments and initiated at least two minor campaigns but did little else during his rule and was probably strongly influenced by his wife, Hatshepsut. Thutmose II's body was found in the Deir el-Bahri Cache above the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut and can be viewed today in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

MummificationEdit

Thutmose II's mummy was discovered in the Deir el-Bahri cache, revealed in 1881. He was interred along with other 18th and 19th dynasty leaders including Ahmose I, Amenhotep I, Thutmose I, Thutmose III, Ramesses I, Seti I, Ramesses II, and Ramesses IX.

The mummy was unwrapped by Gaston Maspero on July 1, 1886. There is a strong familial resemblance to the mummy of Thutmose I, his likely father, as the mummy face and shape of the head are very similar.

StudiesEdit

The body of Thutmose II suffered greatly at the hands of ancient tomb robbers, with his left arm broken off at the shoulder-joint, the forearm separated at the elbow joint, and his right arm chopped off below the elbow. His anterior abdominal wall and much of his chest had been hacked at, possibly by an axe. In addition, his right leg had been severed from his body.

PathologyEdit

Pharaoh's mummy was known to display cysts, possible evidence of plagues which spread through the Egyptian and Hittite Empires at that time.

Additional InfoEdit

By a woman of his harem, Thutmose II left a son who was still very young at his father’s death. As indicated by the king’s chief architect, although the young prince was elevated to the throne, it was his stepmother and regent, Hatshepsut, who governed Egypt.

Sources

Encyclopedia Britannica, retrieved November 12th 2015:

http://www.britannica.com/biography/Thutmose-II

Tour Egypt, Egypt: Tuthmosis II, Pharaoh, Hatshepsut's Husband, retrieved November 12th 2015:

http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/tuthmosis2.htm

Ancient Egypt Online, Thutmose II, retrieved November 12th 2015:

http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/thutmose-II.html

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