The Ice Man, otherwise known as Otzi, lived around 3300 BCE and is a natural mummy preserved in ice. His body was found in September 1991 by two German hikers, in the region known as the Otzal Alps on the border between Austria and Italy. Otzi is reported to be 1.65 metres height and 134Ibs in weight. Scientists report that he was found with a copper axe at the time of discovery which may indicate involvement with copper smelting and other technological advances. Another interesting finding on Otzi's body were tattoos and markings, speculated to be used for pain relief- similar to modern day acupuncture. Researchers have now confirmed that Ötzi is the oldest tattooed human mummy ever discovered.

Initially scientists believed the Otzi had died from exposure to the harsh winter elements while travelling. However, it was later theorized that he may have been a victim of a ritual sacrifice. This theory formed through the discovery of an arrowhead embedded in Otzi's shoulder at the time of his death. As well as bruises and cuts on his hands, wrists and chest showed signs of struggle.

Otzi is one of the most famous and interesting mummies of all time. He will most likely be studied more as time continues. Further exploration will allow for a better understanding of the ancient world and what they have to offer for modern day civilizations.

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