Pharaoh Woseribre Senebkay
The remains of Pharaoh Woseribre Senebkay - Credit: Jennifer Wegner, Penn Museum (SHOWN BELOW)
The remains of Pharaoh Woseribre Senebkay - Credit: Jennifer Wegner, Penn Museum (SHOWN BELOW)
Biographical Information
Name(s) Woseribre Senebkay
Age Mid to Late 40's
Sex Male
Status Pharaoh of the Abydos Dynasty
Height 1.75m (5'10)
Culture Ancient Egypt
Date(s) 1650-1600 BCE
Site Abydos Site
Current Location
Location Abydos, Egypt
Catalog # None

The mummy of Pharaoh Woseribre Senebkay is a mummy from Egypt's Second Intermediate Period (ca. 1650–1550 BCE). He was found in Abydos, Egypt in the summer of 2013 by a team of archaeologists from the University of Pennsylvania. He was found with a massive red quartzite sarcophagus which had been stolen and recycled from the Pharaoh Sobekhotep, along with his cedar box enclosing his organs. Pharaoh Woseribre Senebkay's mummy was found near the entrance of the tomb having been dragged by robbers. The wrappings had been torn off and some bones were broken, but the mummy was still in relatively good condition. 

Pharaoh Woseribre Senebkay's being found is significant to Ancient Egyptian anthropological research because as of February 26th, 2015 he was found to be the earliest known Egyptian Pharaoh to have died in battle. Also, his mummy and the tomb he was found in are the first physical evidence of the existence of the previously suspected Abydos Dynasty.


Pharaoh Woseribre Senebkay was a ruler of the Abydos Dynasty during the later part of Egypt's Second Intermediate Period (ca. 1650–1550 BCE). According to the Turin Canon he ruled for 4 and 1/2 years before his death. 

During his life, he spent a lot of time riding horses. This is evident based on the muscle attachments in his femur and pelvis. This provides evidence to the early introduction of horses in Ancient Egypt which likely played a role in military involvements.

He died between the ages of 35-40 in the heat of battle far away from his homeland. Evidence, discovered by Dr. Maria Rosado and Dr. Jane Hill of Rowan University in 2015, show that Pharaoh Woseribre Senebkay died in a violent attack made by several assailants. He had 18 different wounds that left marks on the bone, mostly on his ankles, hands, legs and lower back. 

His body was then transported back to Abydos, mummified, and buried in a considerably modest tomb.


There is no research to specifically identify the way in which Pharaoh Woseribre Senebkay was mummified. It is known, however, that his organs were removed upon his death and he was transported over a long distance before being mummified and buried.  


All studies were conducted by Pennsylvania University and the mummy is kept by Penn Museum. 


Additional InfoEdit

External LinksEdit


Pappas, S. (2014, January 17). Mummy of Forgotten Pharaoh Discovered in Ruined Egypt Tomb. Retrieved March 8, 2017, from

Penn Museum. (2015, February 26). New Forensic Evidence Confirms Violent Death Of Pharaoh Senebkay. Retrieved March 8, 2017, from

Woseribre Senebkay And The Tomb Of The Unknown Pharaoh. (2014, January 17). Retrieved March 8, 2017, from

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