| The Iceman |
|Name(s)||Otzi the Iceman|
|Age||Around 45 years old|
|Height||1.65 m (5ft 5 in)|
|Location||South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano, South Tyrol, Italy|
Otzi was a nickname given to a well-preserved natural mummy who lived around 3,000 BCE, which the chance that he died between 3239-3105 BCE. The mummy was found in September 1991 in the Ötztal Alps. Cause of Otzi's death was Exsanguination (blood loss) due to arrow wound on his shoulder.
At the time of his death he was 1.65 metres (5 ft 5 in) tall, weighed about 61 kilograms and was about 45 years old. When his body was found it weighed 13.750 kilograms, because the body was covered in ice after his death and only deteriorated a little. Pollen, dust grains and isotopic composition of his tooth enamel showed he spent his childhood ear the village of Feldthurns. Analysis of his intentional contents showed to meals, one of chamois meat and the other of red deer both with herd bread. Otzi showed he had a whipworm (intentional parasite). During Ct scans it showed three or four of his right ribs were cracked, because of the cause of death or the ice had crushed his body. Otzi had a total of 61 tattoos, consisting of 19 groups of black lines.
It was first believed that Otzi died from the winter storm, or he may have been a victim of a ritual sacrifice. It was not until 2001 that X-rays and CT scans showed Otzi had an arrowhead lodged in his left shoulder when he died matching a small tear on his coat. Therefore Otzi died of blood loss, would probably have been fatal even if modern medical techniques were available at the time. Further research found that the arrow had been removed before death, causing bruises and cuts to the hands, wrists and chest.