The Egtved girl was discovered in 1921 outside the Egtved village in Denmark. Her burial dates back to 1370BC. She was excavated around 3500 years after her burial. The Egtved Girl is a pre historic mummy outdating the the time of Christ. This find allowed scientists and anthropologists a glimpse into pre historic Europe and and the way of life people such as the Egtved girl lived. Despite the Egtved Girl was found in Denmark, recent analysis has determined that she is of foreign origin. Molecular studies indicate a the Black Forest of Germany as a possible place of origin of the Egtved Girl.
The Egtved girl was buried with clothing made from cowhide and was wrapped with a blanket and placed within an oak coffin. Several items were placed on top of the coffin, such items included blooming yarrow. the blooming yarrow indicated that the buried occurred during summer. A canister of beer that was crafted from honey, wheat, cowberries and dog-myrtle was also placed on top of the coffin before burial.
The Egtved Girl has become an important pre historic find, as her discovery and analysis opened a rare glimpse into the lives of Bronze Age people. The mummified remains only contain small fragments of hair samples, brain, teeth, nails and skin. Upon examination specialists discovered a high concentration of the chemical isotope strontium within the her teeth, fingernails and tissues. With this discovery scientists were able to speculate the origin of the Egtved girl as the concentration of strontium differs with region. A concusses has been reached among scientists studying the Egtved girl that she originated in the Black Forest region of Germany. Along with her remains several artifacts were exhumed from the coffin, a bracket and necklace discovered among the remains signifies that the Egtved girl was of high social status. She also had a belt plate on her stomach that is believed to have been a symbol for the sun, this would correspond with a common belief system from Bronze Age religions that regarded the sun as a important element.
Using molecular research scientists were able to determine that the Egtved Girl is not of Danish origin. They were also able to determine that she died shorty after arriving to Egtved, approximately six months. The exact cause of death is unknown, however scientists and anthropologists proposed many theories including that the nature of her new environment and travels caused her to catch a disease.
The Egtved Girl was exhumed, but not from an individual coffin per say. Cremated remains of two infants were discovered in the coffin alongside the Egtved Girl. Geologist Karin Frei from the National Museum of Denmark is conducting isotopic research to further understand the origin of this pre historic girl.
Leafloor, L. (2015, May 22). The Surprising and Iconic Bronze Age Egtved Girl: Teenage Remains Tell a Story of Trade and Travel. Retrieved January 12, 2017, from http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/surprising-and-iconic-bronze-age-egtved-girl-teenage-remains-tell-story-020358
Keim, B. (2015, May 21). Bronze Age Woman Had Surprisingly Modern Life. Retrieved January 12, 2017, from http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/05/150521-bronze-age-woman-egtved-modern-archaeology/
Egtved Girl. (n.d.). Retrieved January 12, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egtved_Girl
The Egtved Girl. (n.d.). Retrieved January 12, 2017, from The Egtved Girl. (n.d.). Retrieved January 12, 2017, from http://en.natmus.dk/historical-knowledge/denmark/prehistoric-period-until-1050-ad/the-bronze-age/the-egtved-girl/