| Smendes |
|Date(s)||21st Dynasty 1075-950 BC|
Believed to have founded the 21st Dynasty, Smendes ruled Lower Egypt from 1070-1044 BC. Also known as Nesbenebded, Smendes ruled at the same time that the high priests of Amon ruled Thebes and Upper Egypt.
His name means "He of the Ram, Lord of Mendes, Beloved of Amon." His throne name was Hedjkheperre Setepenre Smendes meaning "Bright is the Manifestation of Re, Chosen of Re."
Although neither his tomb or his mummy has officially been found, it is believed that his tomb my be in Tanis.
It is believed that Smendes may have been the son of Hrere, the Chief of the Harem of Amon-Re and likely the wife of a high priest of Amon. If Smendes was the son of Hrere, then he would have been the brother of Nodjmet, the wife of Herihor. Smendes was also believed to be married to Tentamun who was likely to be the daughter of Ramesses IX.
Due to his tomb and mummy not being found, the true origin of Smendes is not concrete. Only speculations have been made.
1. The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. (2008, October 23). Smendes. Retrieved March 19, 2017, from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Pharaoh-Smendes
2. Dun, J. (n.d.). Smendes, the First King of the 21st Dynasty and the Third Intermediate Period. Retrieved March 19, 2017, from http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/smendes.htm
3. Dun, J. (n.d.).
4.Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson (2004) ISBN 0-500-05128-3, pp. 196-209