Ramesses III
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Ramesses III
Age 62
Sex male
Status King of Ancient Egypt
Height Unknown
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) 1187-1156 BCE
Site Tomb KV11
Current Location
Location Valley of the Kings
Catalog #


Ramesses III defended his country against foreign invasion in three great wars, thus ensuring tranquillity during much of his reign. In his final years, however, he faced internal disturbances, and he was ultimately killed in an attempted coup d’état.

Ramesses III was known to have multiple wives in which he created an environment for himself which embodied a harem. One of Ramesses III's queens was Tiy, but in a several noteworthy papyrus from his reign, particularly one known today as the Harem Conspiracy Papyrus, we learn of an assassination attempt upon the king in which she was at least a part of the plot. Her name is provided in the text, but the other conspirators are called by names that indicate the great evil of their crime, such as Mesedsure, meaning "Re hates him". Tiy apparently wished for her son, called in this papyrus, Pentewere, to ascend to the throne of Egypt.

Ramesses III's was such a great ruler that he was deemed as great god and was known as the last Great Pharaoh. He had ruled the kingdom for 31 years and following his passing Egypt was put into great turmoil. Egypt began to suffer economic problems for it was put at a disadvantage during the revolution of the Iron Age for not having any sources of ore.


Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses III was buried in tomb KV11 which is located in the Valley of the Kings. The creation of the tomb was said to have been started up by his father Setnakhte but was abandoned after it had broken down. It was then rebuilt for the purpose of placing Ramesses III's deceased body in.


During the uncovering of Ramesses III's mummified body a group of reasearchers performed a CT scan on his body. It was after performing this scan that they uncovered a deep cut in his throat which was deep enough to be fatal. Upon discovering the cut they also discovered an amulet enlodged in the esophagus. The amulet was believed to possess healing abilities so it was placed in the throat to try and restore the wound.

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