Ramesses II (or Ramses II), also known as Ramesses the Great, son of Seti I and Queen Tuya, was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire.
MummificationEditRamesses II was one of the best preserved mummies of all of the Egyptian dynasties. His brain, and other bodily organs were removed, excluding the heart. Cavities in the head were filled with substances in order to retain the shape. This allowed for the distinct features of Ramesses II to be preserved. His body was covered in sweet smelling oils and each individual part of his body were wrapped in linen. Osiris (God of the underworld) was painted onto the wrappings, ensuring safe passage to the afterlife.
Ramesses II was originally buried in the tomb KV7 in the Valley of the Kings, Egypt but, because of looting, priests later transferred the body to a holding area, re-wrapped it, and placed it inside the tomb of queen Inhapy. Seventy-two hours later it was again moved, to the tomb of the high priest Pinudjem II. All of this is recorded in hieroglyphics on the linen covering the body. Today his mummy is in Cairo's Egyptian Museum.
The pharaoh's mummy reveals an aquiline nose and strong jaw, and stands at about 1.7 metres (5 ft 7 in).
By the time of his death, aged about 90 years, Ramesses was suffering from severe dental problems and was plagued by arthritis and hardening of the arteries.
In 1974 Egyptologists visiting his tomb noticed that the mummy's condition was rapidly deteriorating and flew it to Paris for examination. Ramesses II was issued an Egyptian passport that listed his occupation as "King (deceased)". The mummy was received at Le Bourget airport, just outside Paris, with the full miltary honours befitting a king. In Paris, fungus was found attacking Ramesses' mummy and killed.
Mark, J. (2009, September 2). Ramessis II. Retrieved October 15, 2015, from www.ancient.eu/Ramesses_II/
Ancient Egyptian Burials: Ramesses II& Nefertari. (2011, March 28). Retrieved October 15, 2015, from egyptioanburials.blogspot.ca?2011/03?ramesses-ii-treatment-of-deceased-and.html