|Ramesses I (also spelled Ramses or Rameses)|
|File:/Users/gtcj 11/Desktop/Ramsses I.jpg|
|Status||King of Egypt (1292-1290 BCE), Founder of the 19th Dynasty|
The son of a noble military man, Ramesses grew up in the northeastern Nile delta region. Ascending to the throne in 1292 Ramsses I succeeded Horemheb a military man and elderly king with no sons. Ramesses I reign lasted approximately one and a half years. His notable family members include Seti I (son) and Ramsses II (grandson) both lead Egypt to new heights of imperial power.
Ramesses reached at least middle age before his death in 1290 BCE. He was buried in a small but richly painted tomb in the Valley of Kings at Thebes. His tomb was discoverd in 1817 by Italian explorer Gionabbi Battista Belzoni although his mummy was missing. From archaeological and textual evidence it was determined that Ramesses had been reburied in a different spot due to the practice of reconsecrating and reburying kings whose tombs had been violated (Third Intermediate Period). However, his journey did not stop there. In 1881 the cache of Deir el-Bahri, the site of his reburial, was revealed and along with 40 mummies but his coffin was empty. In 1827, in attempt to corner the tourism market of Niagra Falls, a man named Thomas Barnett commissioned his son to travel to Egypt to purchase artifacts to fill the "Niagra Falls museum and Daredevil Hall of Fame." It is believed to be highly likely that the mummy of Rameses I was among these purchases. It was only until 1999 after the closure of the Niagra Falls museum and sale of its artifacts that the Michael C. Carlos Museum in Atlanta was able to identify Ramesses I. In 2003 Ramesses I made his final journey back to Egypt.
Ramesses I is depicted in the motion picture The Ten Commandments (1956) by Ian Keith as the pharaoh who orders the death of each first-born child of Hebrew Slaves in Eqypt.