| Mummy of Grottarossa |
|Age||8 years old|
|Date(s)||February 5, 1964|
The mummy of Grottarossa was an eight-year-old Roman mummy who was from the second century AD. This mummy was a female who was native of Northern or Central Italy. Paleopathological research identified that the girl had died as a result of a bilateral fibrinous pleuritis. The mummy was found on February 5, 1964 in Grottarossa near Cassia, Rome. She was discovered in a sarcophagus. Today, her body is preserved in the basement of the Roman National Museum of Palazzo Massimo.
The process of mummification is described sensu strictiori which is a treatment of balms. There was no trace of sectioning or residual thin crystals to be attributed to natron on the skin. All internal organs remained inside the body when the mummy was discovered. Evidence displayed that products from Cupressaceae and Juniperus were used in the embalming process.This procedure was commonly used in Egypt during the last period, including the Roman era in which this girl was alive.
Ascezi and his workers carried out an interdisciplinary project on the mummy of Grottarossa. This project included traditional paleopathological and anthropological studies. The investigation of the mummy involved modern medical exams, regular light and electron microscopy, pollen analysis, and CT scan imaging. A major study involved researching textiles, jewelry, and funerary items that were associated with the mummy. These studies lead to the results that exemplified that the body was treated using a process from Egypt's Roman Period.
The eight-year-old girl had suffered various infections as well as nutritional deficiencies. Her family was not poor, yet she suffered from malnutrition.
The mummy of Grottarossa is the second mummy that was discovered in Rome.