Ötzi, also known as the iceman, the Similaun Man, the man from Hauslabjoch, the Tyrolean Iceman, Homo tyrolensis, and Hauslabjoch mummy, refers to the name of the well-preserved natural mummy of the ancient man, who is estimated to have lived around 3300 BCE. At the time of his death, he was approximately 45 year-old, 1.65 metres tall, and weighted about 61 kilograms.
The frozen mummy was found in September 1991 in the schnalstal glacier in the Ötztal Alps, near Hauslabjoch, on the border between Austria and Italy by two German tourists. At the time of discovery, the corpse was believed to be of a recently deceased mountaineer. It was not until the body was transported to medical examiners that the body is, in fact, about four thousand years old. The dominating narrative for why the body was so well-preserved is that the body was covered in ice the whole time, which prevented decomposition. The scientific analysis also revealed that his diet consisted of red deer meat and grains and that he suffered from joint pain, possibly from herding sheep on high mountain peaks. The discovery of the ancient man is of great significance because his body allowed for scientists to discover the rich vein of knowledge of the lifestyle of Neolithic human kind.
Rodgers, G. (2016, February 11). Solving the 5,000-Year-Old Murder of Otzi the Iceman. Retrieved March 19, 2017, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/garry-rodgers/solving-the-5000-year-old-murder_b_9187216.html
Oeggl, K., Kofler, W., Schmidl, A., Dickson, J. H., Egarter-Vigl, E., & Gaber, O. (2007). The reconstruction of the last itinerary of “Ötzi”, the Neolithic Iceman, by pollen analyses from sequentially sampled gut extracts. Quaternary Science Reviews, 26(7-8), 853-861. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.12.007