Meresamun (also known as: Priestess of Amun) was an Egyptian priestess that lived-in Thebes around 800 B.C . The coffin has been the highlight of an exhibition, “The Life of Meresamun: A temple Singer in Ancient Egypt” which is on display at the University of Chicago’s Oriental Institute Museum. Her coffin has been the product of much advanced technology like CT scanners.
Per the inscriptions on her coffin, she held the title of “Singer in the interior Temple of Amun”. Her role was to perform music at rituals at the temple when needed. Generally, women who held this title came from some of the wealthiest families from Thebes. It cannot be determined who she served as the time period in which she lived is unknown.
The coffin and the mummy itself of Meresamun is an example of skill of the ancient embalmer and the coffin makers. Her coffin is made of cartonnage which is composed of layers of fabric, glue and plaster. It has many layers of plaster and it was topped with transparent varnish to make it waterproof. Her coffin is considered to be part of a more complex set of coffins. The coffin is also decorated with many decorations to ensure her success in the afterlife with flowers and bright coloured paints.
Through the many X-rays and CT –Scans through the coffin showed she had a slight overbite and how her mouth had been stuffed with packing material (mud & soil with another binder).
The coffin of Meresamun has never been opened and the CT scans, x-rays and the use of advanced technology has allowed researchers to have a more in depth idea about what’s inside the coffin. She is the only mummy that has been the subject of such advanced technology.
Priestess of Amun - Archaeology Magazine Archive. (2009, January). Retrieved January 08, 2017, from http://archive.archaeology.org/online/features/meresamun/
The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. (n.d.). Retrieved January 08, 2017, from https://oi.uchicago.edu/collections/highlights/highlights-collection-mummies