Lady Dai (Xin Zhui)
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Xin Zhui
Age 50 (when she died in 163 BC)
Sex Female
Culture Dynasty: Han dynasty
Site Buried: Mawangdui, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
Current Location
Catalog #


The Xin Zhui mummy (also known as also known as Lady Dai or Marquise of Dai) became famous 2000 years after tomb was found in the found. She was the wife of the Marquis of Han. She lived an extravagant lifestyle and enjoyed music, parties, expensive clothing and eating high class foods.


She was buried in Mawangdui, Changsha, Hunan Province, China. She was found in 1971 by workers digging an air raid shelter near Changsha. When they found her tomb, along with her husband's tomb they discovered a Han Dynasty-era tomb that contained more than 1 000 artefacts.


Xin Zhui's body was well preserved and her skin was in excellent condition after examination. Her hair and internal organs were still intact and there were remnants of her last meal in her stomach. After close examination, they uncovered that she suffered from internal parasites, had coronary thrombosis and arteriosclerosis. Her uncovered diseases indicated that she lived a sedentary life that led to her obesity and exceedingly rich diet.


Xin Zhui body was an important discovery of the 20th century for many reasons. Firstly, compared to other remains found in China hers were very well preserved. Secondly, her tomb revealed important information about the Han Dynasty. Lastly, the mystery of Xin Zhui still remains a mystery.

Additional InformationEdit

External LinksEdit


Xin Zhui (n.d.). Retrieved January 28, 2017 from

Top 10 Famous Mummified Bodies. (2009, December 24). Retrieved January 28, 2017 from,

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