| King Ramses the Second |
|Name(s)||Ramesses the Great|
|Status||Found broken in six pieces and earlier attempts at restoration failed|
|Date(s)||Reign:1279 BC - 1213 BC(66 years), Lifespan: 1303 BC - 1213 BC(90 years old)|
King Ramses the Second took the throne of Egypt in his early twenties (around 1279 BC) and ruled for 66 years until his death (1213 BC). He was the third ruler of the 19th Dynasty and ruled for an amazing 67 years, the second longest reign of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs. King Ramses the Second took the throne of Egypt in his early twenties (around 1279 BC) and ruled for 66 years until his death (1213 BC). He was the third ruler of the 19th Dynasty and ruled for an amazing 67 years, the second longest reign of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs.
First, the brain was removed using a long hook that was inserted through his nasal cavity. After the brain was completely removed, they filled his nasal cavity with peppercorns, seeds, and even small animal bones to retain the unique structure of Ramesses II's nose (2011).
The embalmers then individually wrapped his toes, fingers, arms and legs which shows fine attention to detail and precision. Once every part of his body was wrapped, they placed theBook of the Dead between his hands (Fitzgerald, 2009).
Finally, Ramesses II's body was draped in a white cloth and the embalmers carefully painted an image of Osiris (the Egyptian God of the underworld) on the outside of the wrappings as a finishing touch (Fitzgerald, 2009).
Ramses II was born to the Pharoah Seti I and his wife, Queen Tuya. While most of his upbringing is lost to time, we know that Ramses was joining his father on military campaigns by the time he was 14 and was assisting in the Pharaoh's building projects by his early 20s. He also became a co-ruler of Egypt with his father near the end of the old Pharaoh's life. By the time that Ramses II ascended the throne on his own in his mid-20s, he was already an experienced military leader, builder, and administrator.
A variety of health problems (such as arthritis and arterial issues) may have contributed to the end of the life of Ramses II, but he had accomplished much in his time.