| Iufaa |
Iufaa was a high-ranking Egyptian priest and palace administer who lived around 500 BC. His skeleton showed biparietal thinning, a rare condition that occurs in 0.4–1.3% of people in Europe. Iufaa also had arthritis and severe osteoporosis. It was believed that he suffered from an unknown disease that caused these conditions and led to his death.
In 1996 an archaeological team from the Czech Institute of Egyptology at Charles University in Prague found a chamber at the bottom of a shaft, about 80 feet below the desert floor. The team built a roof of reinforced concrete over the chamber to prevent a collapse. The tomb was intact, making it the first unrobbed tomb found in Egypt since 1941.
Inside the chamber was a limestone sarcophagus with 408 faience ushabtis (servants for the next world) around the base. Other artifacts in the chamber induced wooden furniture, pottery and papyrus scrolls. The walls of the tomb and sarcophagus were covered with texts from the Book of the Dead.
In February 1998, the sarcophagus lid was finally lifted. Inside was a smaller inner sarcophagus of black-green rock, decorated with a man's face. Inside was a deteriorated wood coffin covered with blue beaded cloth. Beyond that was the mummy of Iufaa, whose face was covered with a gilded stucco death mask.
The tomb of Iuffa was dated to be from about 525 BC based on the artifacts found within the chamber. Inscriptions in the tomb identified the man buried here was in fact Iufaa. The archealogical team found two other shafts within Iufaa's burial chamber. These shafts contained the mummies of Imakhetkherresnet, Nekawar, and Padihor. After further research, it was discovered that Imakhetkherresnet and Nekawar were biologically related to Iufaa. Imakhetkerresnet was Iufaa's sister, as inscriptions in both tombs identified them as having a mother named Ankhtisi. Nekawer was either Iufaa's father or his brother.
An Unplundered Tomb. (1998, September 1). Retrieved September 25, 2015, from http://discovermagazine.com/1998/sep/anunplunderedtom1505
Brock, L., & Krejci, J. (1998, May 27). Czech Egyptologists Open Shaft Tomb, Identify Royal Burial at Abusir. Retrieved September 25, 2015, from http://archive.archaeology.org/online/news/egypt2.html
Iufaa. (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iufaa