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Bakt-en-Hor
Human Mummy
Bakt-en-Hor-©NHSN-web
Biographical Information
Name(s) Bakt-en-Hor (also known as The Coats Mummy)
Age 21-35
Sex female
Status
Height 5 ft. 2 in.
Source
Culture
Date(s) 1069-715 BCE (21st - 22nd Dynasties)
Site Gourna (elite cemetery on the West Bank of Thebes)
Current Location
Location Newcastle (Hancock Museum Collection)
Catalog #

BiographyEdit

Bakt-en-Hor (also known as the Coats Mummy) was the daughter of Nakhtefmut. She was presumably of high status, as she was buried at Gourna, a cemetery for the elite.

MummificationEdit

Bakt-en-Hor has never been unwrapped, her remains resting in their original linen mummy wrappings. The mummy is enclosed in a painted sarcophagus that is again inclosed in a coffin that is not decorated but for the carving of a female face. The paintings on the decorated sarcophagus include images from the Book of the Dead, depictions of divine figures and symbols of rebirth. These images are typical iconographic features of 21st and 22nd Dynasty sarcophaguses. Methods of embalming conform with mummification practises examined on other mummies from the 22nd Dynasty. Amulets were placed around the neck of the body, and cavities in the body (the abdomen, pelvis, etc) were filled with a mixture of what is believed to be mud, sawdust and resin. The brain was removed from the cranium (probably via the nose) . The eyes were removed, and implants were placed behind the closed empty eye sockets. An unidentified rectangular plate was placed at the bottom of the mummies ribs. The legs were individually wrapped while the arms were not.

StudiesEdit

Studies were originally performed by Dr. P. H. K. Gray in 1964 using portable x-ray machinery. Updates were made in 1991 by researchers from the Hancock Museum, who additionally used computerized Axial Tomography, (C.A.T.) to solidify and further the literature.

PathologyEdit

Examination of the skeleton has revealed no obvious trauma. There is no evidence of any fractures, dislocations, or Harris lines (lines revealing stunted growth due to malnutrition, illness or other trauma). The cause of death is therefore unknown.

Dental examinations have revealed the body to have had an overbite.

Additional InfoEdit

Translations by John Taylor of the British Museum has revealed the inscription on the decorated sarcophagus of Bakt-en-Hor to read ‘An offering which the king gives to Re-Harakhty, chief of the gods [to] Atum, lord of the two lands, [and to] Osiris, Foremost of the Westerners, so that he may give offerings and provisions to the Osiris, the Lady of the House, Baket-en-her, daughter of the God’s father Nakhtefmut, justified’

ReferencesEdit

Watson, E., & Myers, M. (1993). The Mummy of Baket-en-her-nakht in the Hancock Museum: A Radiological Update. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 79, 179-187.

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