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Amenhotep III or Amenophis III
Human Mummy
Colossal Statue of Amenhotep III
Colossal Statue of Amenhotep III
Biographical Information
Name(s) Amenhotep III
Age Died 1353 BC or 1351 BC
Sex Male
Status Pharaoh
Height Unknown
Source
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) 1931-1353 or 1388-1351 BC (18th Dynasty)
Site Western Valley of the Kings
Current Location
Location Egypt
Catalog #

BiographyEdit

Amenhotep III's head is mostly a skull. Near death, he suffered from obesity and severe dental problems. Perhaps paving the way for later mummymaking methods, mummymakers used their best methods to construct his mummy (packed with resin and linen and molded); Cairo Museum. A characteristic of this mummy is that he holds the most surviving statues statues of any Egyptian pharaohs. Most of them have been discovered and identified. He was crowned when he was between the ages of 6 and 12. His reign was peaceful and uneventful.

MummificationEdit

Amenhotep III was buried in the Western Valley of the Valley of the Kings, in Tomb WV22. Sometime during the Third Intermediate Period his mummy was moved from this tomb and was placed in a side-chamber of KV35 along with several other pharaohs of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth dynasties where it lay until discovered by Victor Loret in 1898.

An examination of his mummy by the Australian anatomist Grafton Elliot Smith concluded that the pharaoh was aged between forty and fifty years old at death.[38]His chief wife, Tiye, is known to have outlived him for at least twelve years as she is mentioned in several Amarna letters dated from her son's reign as well as depicted at a dinner table with Akhenaten and his royal family in scenes from the tomb of Huya, which were made during Year 9 and Year 12 of her son's reign.

ReferencesEdit

  • The royal mummies: the Egyptian Museum. Egypt: S.C.A. Press, 1994. Print.

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