| Amenhotep II |
|Date(s)||1427 – 1401 BC|
|Site||Valley of the Kings|
Amenhotep II was the 7th Pharaoh of Egypt, whose reign was from 1427 – 1401 BC. He is the son and successor of Thutmose III. Amenhotep is well known for his physical and military achievements, his numerous campaigns in Asia and his suppression of revolting tribes. During his rule, he also built a number of new sanctuaries in Egypt and Nubia, and added his temple in Thebes. Overall, his reign was characterized by peace and prosperity.
The tomb of Amenhotep was discovered by French Egyptologist Victor Loret in 1898. Amenhotep was found in his sarcophagus. His tomb is located in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt, a place where pharaohs and wealthy Egyptian nobles would construct their tombs. Amenhotep’s mummy remained untouched until guards plundered into the tomb in 1901. Amenhotep was one of the only pharaohs whose mummy has survived the constant tomb robbery. However, the mummy was damaged. The head was broken off; the front abdominal wall was missing; the spine was broken as well as the right leg was seperated from the body. His mummy shows that the king was tall for his times since the mummy stood 1.8m in height.
Studies of the mummy have shown that at the time of the pharaoh’s death, his hair was graying and he had developed a bald spot on the back of his head. His mummy also showed that unlike his father Thutmose III, Amenhotep II retained his genitals and had been circumcised. Howard Carter, an English archaeologist was also able to track down the tomb robbers using clues in the tomb such as the foot imprints.
The body of Amenhotep II is covered with raised nodules. Researchers believe that this could have been caused by a systematic disease, which might have contributed to his death.